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bacterium

English Thesaurus

1. (microbiology) single-celled or noncellular spherical or spiral or rod-shaped organisms lacking chlorophyll that reproduce by fission; important as pathogens and for biochemical properties; taxonomy is difficult; often considered to be plants (noun.animal)
:micro-organism, microorganism,
definition:any organism of microscopic size (noun.animal)
:acidophil, acidophile,
definition:an organism that thrives in a relatively acid environment (noun.animal)
:probiotic, probiotic bacterium, probiotic flora, probiotic microflora,
definition:a beneficial bacterium found in the intestinal tract of healthy mammals; often considered to be a plant (noun.animal)
:bacteroid,
definition:a rodlike bacterium (especially any of the rod-shaped or branched bacteria in the root nodules of nitrogen-fixing plants) (noun.animal)
:eubacteria, eubacterium, true bacteria,
definition:a large group of bacteria having rigid cell walls; motile types have flagella (noun.animal)
:calymmatobacterium, genus calymmatobacterium,
definition:a genus of bacterial rods containing only the one species that causes granuloma inguinale (noun.animal)
:francisella, genus francisella,
definition:a genus of Gram-negative aerobic bacteria that occur as pathogens and parasite in many animals (including humans) (noun.animal)
:gonococcus, neisseria gonorrhoeae,
definition:the pus-producing bacterium that causes gonorrhea (noun.animal)
:legionella, legionella pneumophilia,
definition:the motile aerobic rod-shaped Gram-negative bacterium that thrives in central heating and air conditioning systems and can cause Legionnaires' disease (noun.animal)
:nitrobacterium,
definition:any of the bacteria in the soil that take part in the nitrogen cycle; they oxidize ammonium compounds into nitrites or oxidize nitrites into nitrates (noun.animal)
:penicillin-resistant bacteria,
definition:bacteria that are unaffected by penicillin (noun.animal)
:pus-forming bacteria,
definition:bacteria that produce pus (noun.animal)
:rod,
definition:any rod-shaped bacterium (noun.animal)
:diplococcus,
definition:Gram-positive bacteria usually occurring in pairs (noun.animal)
:superbug,
definition:a strain of bacteria that is resistant to all antibiotics (noun.animal)
:microbiology,
definition:the branch of biology that studies microorganisms and their effects on humans (noun.cognition)
:immune reaction, immune response, immunologic response,
definition:a bodily defense reaction that recognizes an invading substance (an antigen: such as a virus or fungus or bacteria or transplanted organ) and produces antibodies specific against that antigen (noun.act)
:bioremediation,
definition:the act of treating waste or pollutants by the use of microorganisms (as bacteria) that can break down the undesirable substances (noun.act)
:resistance,
definition:the degree of unresponsiveness of a disease-causing microorganism to antibiotics or other drugs (as in penicillin-resistant bacteria) (noun.attribute)
:microphage,
definition:a neutrophil that ingests small things (as bacteria) (noun.body)
:peritrichous,
definition:covered all over with uniformly distributed flagella (adj.all)
:gram-positive,
definition:(of bacteria) being or relating to a bacterium that retains the violet stain used in Gram's method (adj.all)
:gram-negative,
definition:(of bacteria) being of or relating to a bacterium that does not retain the violet stain used in Gram's method (adj.all)
:bacterise, bacterize,
definition:subject to the action of bacteria (verb.change)
:bacterioid, bacterioidal, bacteroid, bacteroidal,
definition:resembling bacteria (adj.pert)
:bacterial,
definition:relating to or caused by bacteria (adj.pert)
:bacterise, bacterize,
definition:subject to the action of bacteria (verb.change)
:bacterioid, bacterioidal, bacteroid, bacteroidal,
definition:resembling bacteria (adj.pert)
:bacterial,
definition:relating to or caused by bacteria (adj.pert)

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