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organism

English Thesaurus

1. a living thing that has (or can develop) the ability to act or function independently (noun.tops)
:animate thing, living thing,
definition:a living (or once living) entity (noun.tops)
:benthos,
definition:organisms (plants and animals) that live at or near the bottom of a sea (noun.tops)
:dwarf,
definition:a plant or animal that is atypically small (noun.tops)
:heterotroph,
definition:an organism that depends on complex organic substances for nutrition (noun.tops)
:parent,
definition:an organism (plant or animal) from which younger ones are obtained (noun.tops)
:individual, mortal, person, somebody, someone, soul,
definition:a human being (noun.tops)
:animal, animate being, beast, brute, creature, fauna,
definition:a living organism characterized by voluntary movement (noun.tops)
:flora, plant, plant life,
definition:(botany) a living organism lacking the power of locomotion (noun.tops)
:native,
definition:indigenous plants and animals (noun.tops)
:recombinant,
definition:a cell or organism in which genetic recombination has occurred (noun.animal)
:conspecific,
definition:an organism belonging to the same species as another organism (noun.animal)
:carrier,
definition:(genetics) an organism that possesses a recessive gene whose effect is masked by a dominant allele; the associated trait is not apparent but can be passed on to offspring (noun.animal)
:denizen,
definition:a plant or animal naturalized in a region (noun.animal)
:amphidiploid,
definition:(genetics) an organism or cell having a diploid set of chromosomes from each parent (noun.animal)
:diploid,
definition:(genetics) an organism or cell having the normal amount of DNA per cell; i.e., two sets of chromosomes or twice the haploid number (noun.animal)
:haploid,
definition:(genetics) an organism or cell having only one complete set of chromosomes (noun.animal)
:heteroploid,
definition:(genetics) an organism or cell having a chromosome number that is not an even multiple of the haploid chromosome number for that species (noun.animal)
:polyploid,
definition:(genetics) an organism or cell having more than twice the haploid number of chromosomes (noun.animal)
:animalcule, animalculum,
definition:microscopic organism such as an amoeba or paramecium (noun.animal)
:micro-organism, microorganism,
definition:any organism of microscopic size (noun.animal)
:aerobe,
definition:an organism (especially a bacterium) that requires air or free oxygen for life (noun.animal)
:anaerobe,
definition:an organism (especially a bacterium) that does not require air or free oxygen to live (noun.animal)
:cross, crossbreed, hybrid,
definition:(genetics) an organism that is the offspring of genetically dissimilar parents or stock; especially offspring produced by breeding plants or animals of different varieties or breeds or species (noun.animal)
:polymorph,
definition:an organism that can assume more than one adult form as in the castes of ants or termites (noun.animal)
:congenator, congener, congeneric, relative,
definition:an animal or plant that bears a relationship to another (as related by common descent or by membership in the same genus) (noun.animal)
:plankton,
definition:the aggregate of small plant and animal organisms that float or drift in great numbers in fresh or salt water (noun.animal)
:nekton,
definition:the aggregate of actively swimming animals in a body of water ranging from microscopic organisms to whales (noun.animal)
:parasite,
definition:an animal or plant that lives in or on a host (another animal or plant); it obtains nourishment from the host without benefiting or killing the host (noun.animal)
:host,
definition:an animal or plant that nourishes and supports a parasite; it does not benefit and is often harmed by the association (noun.animal)
:commensal,
definition:either of two different animal or plant species living in close association but not interdependent (noun.animal)
:myrmecophile,
definition:an organism such as an insect that habitually shares the nest of a species of ant (noun.animal)
:eucaryote, eukaryote,
definition:an organism with cells characteristic of all life forms except primitive microorganisms such as bacteria; i.e. an organism with `good' or membrane-bound nuclei in its cells (noun.animal)
:procaryote, prokaryote,
definition:a unicellular organism having cells lacking membrane-bound nuclei; bacteria are the prime example but also included are blue-green algae and actinomycetes and mycoplasma (noun.animal)
:zooid,
definition:one of the distinct individuals forming a colonial animal such as a bryozoan or hydrozoan (noun.animal)
:clon, clone,
definition:a group of genetically identical cells or organisms derived from a single cell or individual by some kind of asexual reproduction (noun.group)
:atavist, throwback,
definition:an organism that has the characteristics of a more primitive type of that organism (noun.person)
:individual,
definition:a single organism (noun.person)
:mascot,
definition:a person or animal that is adopted by a team or other group as a symbolic figure (noun.person)
:mutant, mutation, sport, variation,
definition:(biology) an organism that has characteristics resulting from chromosomal alteration (noun.person)
:postdiluvian,
definition:anything living after Noah's flood (noun.person)
:sitter,
definition:an organism (person or animal) that sits (noun.person)
:stander,
definition:an organism (person or animal) that stands (noun.person)
:utterer, vocaliser, vocalizer,
definition:an organism that can utter vocal sounds (noun.person)
:fungus,
definition:an organism of the kingdom Fungi lacking chlorophyll and feeding on organic matter; ranging from unicellular or multicellular organisms to spore-bearing syncytia (noun.plant)
:nonvascular organism,
definition:organisms without vascular tissue: e.g. algae, lichens, fungi, mosses (noun.plant)
:relict,
definition:an organism or species surviving as a remnant of an otherwise extinct flora or fauna in an environment much changed from that in which it originated (noun.plant)
:saprophyte, saprophytic organism,
definition:an organism that feeds on dead organic matter especially a fungus or bacterium (noun.plant)
:saprobe,
definition:an organism that lives in and derives its nourishment from organic matter in stagnant or foul water (noun.plant)
:katharobe,
definition:an organism that lives in an oxygenated medium lacking organic matter (noun.plant)
:cell,
definition:(biology) the basic structural and functional unit of all organisms; they may exist as independent units of life (as in monads) or may form colonies or tissues as in higher plants and animals (noun.tops)
:body part,
definition:any part of an organism such as an organ or extremity (noun.body)
:tissue,
definition:part of an organism consisting of an aggregate of cells having a similar structure and function (noun.body)
:fertilized ovum, zygote,
definition:(genetics) the diploid cell resulting from the union of a haploid spermatozoon and ovum (including the organism that develops from that cell) (noun.body)
:parthenote,
definition:a cell resulting from parthenogenesis (noun.body)
:organic chemistry,
definition:the chemistry of compounds containing carbon (originally defined as the chemistry of substances produced by living organisms but now extended to substances synthesized artificially) (noun.cognition)
:stratum,
definition:one of several parallel layers of material arranged one on top of another (such as a layer of tissue or cells in an organism or a layer of sedimentary rock) (noun.location)
:metabolic process, metabolism,
definition:the organic processes (in a cell or organism) that are necessary for life (noun.process)
:morphogenesis,
definition:differentiation and growth of the structure of an organism (or a part of an organism) (noun.process)
:bioluminescent,
definition:(of living organisms) emitting light (adj.all)
:cellular,
definition:characterized by or divided into or containing cells or compartments (the smallest organizational or structural unit of an organism or organization) (adj.all)
:actinal,
definition:(of radiate organisms) located on the surface or end on which the mouth is situated (adj.all)
2. a system considered analogous in structure or function to a living body (noun.group)
:scheme, system,
definition:a group of independent but interrelated elements comprising a unified whole (noun.group)
3. a living thing that has (or can develop) the ability to act or function independently (noun.tops)
:be, live,
definition:have life, be alive (verb.stative)
:organic,
definition:involving or affecting physiology or bodily organs (adj.all)
:organic,
definition:being or relating to or derived from or having properties characteristic of living organisms (adj.all)
:organismal, organismic, organismal, organismic,
definition:of or relating to or belonging to an organism (considered as a whole) (adj.pert)
:be, live,
definition:have life, be alive (verb.stative)
:organic,
definition:involving or affecting physiology or bodily organs (adj.all)
:organic,
definition:being or relating to or derived from or having properties characteristic of living organisms (adj.all)
:organismal, organismic, organismal, organismic,
definition:of or relating to or belonging to an organism (considered as a whole) (adj.pert)

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